Ivory Tower

Reinforcement Isn’t Real

By Todd A. Ward, PhD, BCBA-D President, bSci21Media, LLC Yep, you heard me right.  Reinforcement isn’t real.  Not if you are a functional contextualist.  You see there are at least two dominant philosophical views in […]


ABA and Martial Arts

By Todd A. Ward, PhD, BCBA-D Founding Editor, bSci21.org UFC fans have much to rejoice in Ronda Rousey’s defeat of Cat Zingano by arm bar in a mere 14 seconds last Saturday.  Many now refer […]