The Difference Between In-Home Early Intervention Services and Extended School Year Services

Photo by Timo Stern on Unsplash

Todd A. Ward, PhD, BCBA-D

bSci21Media, LLC

Under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), school districts are required to provide services outside of the regular school year to qualifying individuals. In order to qualify for ESY, a child must already have an Individualized Education Plan (IEP) in place, and demonstrate either a regression in skills, or show evidence of emerging pivotal skills that will enable a behavioral cusp, or a breakthrough in skill development.

The families of children who do not qualify for ESY or families who decide not to have their child participate in ESY will often choose to increase home-based Early Intervention (EI) services over the summer.

This decision is driven by several reasons that are crucial to your child’s development in the following ways:

Effective Therapy: In-home Early Intervention Services using the principles of Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) takes a team of highly trained clinicians to develop an individualized program that best meets each child’s needs.

Services are provided in your home. Your home is where you and your child are most familiar.  Most of your child’s preferred toys are in the home, and many of your child’s preferred activities can be done at home.  Furthermore, as a parent, you have control of the environment in your home.  You know who and what is in your house, and you are able to observe the programming in your home at any time. As Annie Stuart from stated, “working with a child in his natural environment removes one step in the learning process.  It means he won’t need to figure out how to transfer what he’s practiced in a clinical setting to the place where he plays and lives.”

Adds structure outside of school.  With in-home services, you have a team of dedicated Registered Behavior Technicians  and a Board Certified Behavior Analyst (BCBA) working directly with your child for up to 40 hours per week.  The technician, in conjunction with a BCBA, will provide supports to give your child a predictable schedule.  Moreover, staff will work with you as a parent to implement behavior management and skill acquisition strategies in their absence.

Focus on building skills instead of maintaining skills. ESY Services are meant to help maintain skills that a child has acquired during the normal school year so that the child’s skills do not regress. In-Home Early Intervention Services, by contrast, work to continuously build skills, ultimately taking a proactive approach.

Year-round service.  It is important to remember that in-home services should only be “extended” into the summer or holidays.  Effective services must be consistent and continuously build in a step-wise manner on fundamental pre-requisite skills over time.

For more information on how In-Home Early Intervention Services might benefit your child, email us at [email protected] for additional resources.

Todd A. Ward, PhD, BCBA-D is the President and Founder of bSci21Media, LLC, which owns the top behavior analytic media outlet in the world,  bSci21Media aims to disseminate behavior analysis to the world and to support ABA companies around the globe through the Behavioral Science in the 21st Century blog and its subsidiaries, bSciEntrepreneurial, bSciWebDesign, bSciWriting, and the ABA Outside the Box CEU series.  Dr. Ward received his PhD in behavior analysis from the University of Nevada, Reno under Dr. Ramona Houmanfar.  He has served as a Guest Associate Editor of the Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, and as an Editorial Board member of Behavior and Social Issues.  Dr. Ward has also provided ABA services to children and adults with various developmental disabilities in day centers, in-home, residential, and school settings, and previously served as Faculty Director of Behavior Analysis Online at the University of North Texas.  Dr. Ward is passionate about disseminating behavior analysis to the world and growing the field through entrepreneurship. Todd can be reached at [email protected]

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