By Tom Buqo of Brohavior
bSci21 Contributing Group
When faced with a choice between attending the 2015 Association for Behavior Analysis International (ABAI) conference, or the Association for Psychological Science (APS) conference, I chose to attend APS. I wanted to attend a general psychological conference to contact different world views and philosophical assumptions about the science that may challenge my own. My interest in behavior has often fallen within the realms of clinical and social psychological phenomena while my philosophical stance on the science of behavior aligns with behaviorism. I am often the odd one out at any given conference. This could be due to the premature obituaries regarding behaviorism within psychology and behavior analysts’ relatively limited interaction with other branches of psychology.
While at APS, I attended talks related to my interests, though not necessarily in line with my philosophy. This, of course, led to long discussions with others about these talks, their theoretical assumptions, and our own assumptions regarding these talks. In the end, I observed three things.
1) Mainstream psychology has not forgotten Skinner. While some mainstream psychologists may have stated a disregard or disapproval of behavioral ideas, others still quote Skinner in their discussions. To say that the views regarding Skinner are mixed to this day would be an understatement. However, Skinner’s impact is still acknowledged.
2) Findings are coming out in line with behavioral assumptions. While there, I saw null findings showing mentalistic constructs were not predicting behavior. I saw such constructs compared, conflated, and just generally confused. Yet at the end of the day, multiple findings were in line with behavior analysis, particularly that behavior is maintained or decreased by contact with previous consequences and not directly caused by internal, subjective states.
3) Other research is not as incompatible with behaviorism as it seems. While the presentations were not framed in behavioral terms, behaviorism as a philosophy underlies how I view and interpret the world. Seeing these talks, I was able to frame these with my assumptions and then to discuss, defend, and examine my assumptions in my conversations with others.
So, while I missed ABAI this year, I was thankful to attend a more general conference. While I heard things that I disagreed with, it helped me grow in my philosophy of a science. A philosophy of science is based on assumptions, and speaking to those with different assumptions and different world views provided an opportunity to state and defend these underlying assumptions that you may not have truly examined!
While I look forward to the next time I am able to attend ABAI, I will be excited for future opportunities to attend conferences with topical, as opposed to philosophical, agreement. While there are many different perspectives within behavior analysis, the opportunity to contact assumptions so radically different than your own allows you to truly understand the language you use to talk about the world and how this impacts your application of your science.
Let us know your experiences in attending conferences outside of behavior analysis in the comments below! Also consider subscribing to bSci21 via email to receive the latest articles, and free monthly issues, directly to your inbox!
Following graduation from Master’s programs many behavior analysts find themselves in a cold dark world where they are searching for the light of peers that share their approach to the subject matter of behavior. One online group called Brohavior (derived from “brotherhood”) has recently created a refuge for behavior analysts looking for the light in order to continue their own development. The group aims to create a collaborative environment where students of behavior analysis are exposed to and pursue behavior analytic literature, philosophy and research that is outside of the scope of the BACB-approved course sequence.